30 Jun 2018

Kharagpur, West Bengal In 1935 & Back

Kharagpur, West Bengal In 1935 & Back

Kharagpur in West Bengal was better known as India’s “Railway Town“ and still boasts the longest platform in Asia, if not in the World. Its 20th Century community was largely founded to serve the fledgling Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) established in 1904 and staffed mainly by Colonials who incorporated British technology in the development of the railway.

Kharagpur Railway Station in 1945 ...

When we went back on 1940 and little more , we found that British  planned to develop a town which is near to Kolkata .The main purpose to setup railway junction was to avoid the excess pressure on Calcutta ,which is the prime port for eastern trade of British also to avoid pressure, if the japan bombing in Kolkata. Kaliakunda airbase was an strategically plan by the British to avoid the Japanese threat from east side and this based used by the British and American Air force during the second world war  to bombing the Japanese  occupied area  and to stop there ground force to enter British occupied India.
You can realize the importance of kaliakunda base, this base use in second world war, in 1965 and in 1971 .I heard many stories from my grandfather (Mr. Dinanath Singh) who was working in kalikunda base as an technical staff about how the east Pakistani aircraft attack in kalikunda base and how the IAF fighter short the pak plane after big dog fight. In 1971 war this base played a crucial role in the freedom of Bangladesh, and the prompt action of the IAF there was no causality happened as like 1965.
As kharagpur is centrally located, therefore British buildup railway factories here based on raw materials from near about area and technical know-how from Kolkata engineering belt .Same pattern was followed by the first independent Indian Govt. after the suggestion by the CM of West Bengal (Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy) to set-up the first IIT of India .As kharagpur developed as a main railway junction of South East zone so there were many British officers were many appointed in this town. After independence most of the British family leaves kharagpur but still here some Anglo Indian community lived near Puri Gate area.
In this post you I can give you some information and pictures of 1940 and back kharagpur.



306 Third Ave c1938
306 Third Ave c1938


306 Third Ave c1940
306 Third Ave c1940

329 Third Ave c1938
329 Third Ave c1938


Apprentices House c1910
Apprentices House c1910

Dated 1910


Dated 1911



Dated 1910


Unspecified perspective of the lock in 1910

A wide perspective of Third Ave


A closer perspective of Third Ave in 1940


Yet another perspective on Third Ave in 1938


Dated 1910


Dated 1910




Dated 1910


Dated 1911


Dated 1911





Taken in 1911 before the addition of the second and third stories.


Taken in 1912. Note the new stories
Taken in 1911



Dated 1910


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